In a new NASA video, a massive solar flare erupts from the Sun’s surface.
A solar flare bursting from the Sun’s northwest hemisphere was captured in video by NASA’s Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO). A blast of filament can be seen exploding through the Sun’s atmosphere, followed by a few shockwaves from the epicenter.
The enormous solar flare erupting from the Sun, according to Express, highlights the star’s immense strength in the middle of the Solar System. The solar flare was rated as a C2, which indicates it was not powerful enough to do any damage to Earth, according to researchers.
A Sure-Fire Indicator of Coronal Mass Injection (CME)
“During the late hours of February 27, departing sunspot AR2804 produced a C2-class solar flare,” said Space Weather. “NASA’s Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) detected a shadowy wave rippling away from the blast site.”
CMEs are “are large expulsions of plasma ad magnetic fields from the Sun’s corona.” as Space Weather explains them. They eject billions of tonnes of coronal material that have a magnetic field incorporated in them that is much greater than the interplanetary magnetic field (IMF).
This is a wave that suggests a coronal mass ejection, according to the researchers (CME). After the flare, the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO) observed a CME erupting from the Sun’s northwestern area.
Luckily, the Earth wasn’t facing the sun position, so CME did not affect the earth. CME often releases solar particles colliding with Earth as solar flares occur.
Additionally, the Earth’s magnetic field protects humans from the sun’s rays, while solar storms will also damage satellites.
According to Express, solar winds could heat the Earth’s external atmosphere that allows it to expand. This can influence orbital satellites and lead to GPS navigation, cell telephones, and satellite television failure.
Also, the surge of solar particles may induce strong currents in the magnetosphere, which would result in higher electricity in power lines, which would result in transformer and power plant blowouts, resulting in power outages.
What Are Humans’ Odds of Surviving the Next Big Solar Flare?
The Carrington Event, which occurred in 1859, was the greatest solar flare ever recorded and gave rise to the study of solar physics.
People on the ground should also be willing to close down power supplies, which may take as little as 14 hours. Satellites may also be allowed to travel in “safe mode” orbits to prevent disastrous electronic disturbances.
More notably, if a Carrington-like incident happens again, people must be armed for emergency measures.